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3 Ways Diabetes Can Affect Your Vision and Eyes

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Did you know that people with diabetes are 20 times more likely to get eye diseases than those without it? There are three major eye conditions that diabetics are at risk for developing: cataracts, glaucoma, and diabetic retinopathy. To prevent these sight-threatening diseases, it's important to control your blood sugar level and have your eyes checked at least once a year by an eye doctor.

But First, What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease that is associated with high blood glucose levels. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, helps our cells get energy from the sugars we eat. Diabetes develops when the body doesn't produce or respond to insulin effectively, leaving too much sugar in the blood stream instead. Over time, diabetes can lead to potentially irreversible ocular damage and poor eyesight. However, by taking care of your blood sugar levels and your eyes, you can prevent vision loss.

Annual eye exams are recommended for everyone, but routine screenings are even more important for diabetics. Eye doctors may send diabetic eye health reports to a patient’s primary care physician or internist to adjust medication as needed to prevent complications.

First Eye Care Eye Clinic and Diabetes in Grand Prairie, Texas

Many eye diseases can be quickly and easily diagnosed during a comprehensive eye exam. If you were diagnosed with an eye disease, such as Cataracts, Glaucoma, Macular degeneration, Diabetic retinopathy, or Dry eye, you may be overwhelmed by the diagnosis and confused about what happens next. Will you need medications or surgery – now or in the future? Our Grand Prairie eye doctor has prepared the following answers to your questions about eye disease.

What's the Link Between Vision and Diabetes?

Blurred vision or fluctuating eyesight clarity is often one of the first noticeable signs that diabetes has begun to affect your eyes. Sometimes, fluid leaking into the eye causes the lens to swell and change shape. This, in turn, makes it difficult for the eyes to focus, resulting in fuzzy vision. Such symptoms can indicate that an eye disease is developing, or may simply be due to imbalanced blood sugar levels which can be rectified by getting your blood sugar back to healthy levels.

If you start to notice blurry vision, make an appointment with Dr. Stout as soon as possible.

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The 3 Ways Diabetes Impacts Vision

Cataracts

While cataracts are extremely common and a part of the natural aging process, those with diabetes tend to develop cataracts earlier in life. Characterized by a clouding or fogging of the lens within the eye, cataracts impede light from entering the eye, causing blurred vision and glares. The best treatment is cataract surgery, which is very safe and effective.

Glaucoma

Glaucoma refers to a group of eye diseases characterized by optic nerve damage. Since it tends to impact peripheral vision first, glaucoma often goes unnoticed until significant damage has occurred. However, routine glaucoma screenings can detect warning signs; early treatment can prevent disease progression and vision loss.

Although there is no true cure for glaucoma, most glaucoma patients successfully manage it with special eye drops, medication, and on occasion, laser treatment or other surgery. The earlier glaucoma is diagnosed and managed, the better the outcome.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy occurs when the small blood vessels on your retina (capillaries) become weakened and then balloon (microaneurysm) due to poorly controlled blood sugar levels. The resulting poor blood circulation in the back of the eye causes more abnormal blood vessels to grow, which also bleed or leak fluid, and can lead to scar tissue, retinal detachment and even blindness, over time.

Often there are no symptoms until the advanced stages of diabetic retinopathy, where patients may begin to see spots and missing patches in their vision. Retinopathy can be treated through surgery and eye injections, but the best way to prevent this disease from progressing is to regularly have your eyes screened.

The good news is that diabetic eye disease can often be prevented with early detection, proper management of your diabetes and regular diabetic eye exams. Contact First Eye Care in Grand Prairie to set up your eye doctor’s appointment today.

Call First Eye Care on 972-641-0011 to schedule an eye exam with our Grand Prairie optometrist.

Alternatively book an appointment online here CLICK FOR AN APPOINTMENT

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NOTICE OF TEMPORARY CLOSURE/REDUCED BUSINESS HOURS DUE TO COVID-19

Dear Patients and Families of First Eye Care Grand Prairie,

In light of the recent development and spread of COVID-19, our top priority has remained the safety of our patients, families, community, and staff.

The American Optometric Association (AOA), Texas Optometric Association (TOA), and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have recommended that “health care facilities and clinicians should prioritize urgent and emergency visits and procedures now and for the coming several weeks” and to “postpone routine dental and eyecare visits.

To better follow the guidelines recommended by the CDC, we have made the decision to postpone routine eye exams and temporarily close. A doctor will be on call for urgent or emergency medical eye visits only. Should you have an ocular emergency that requires immediate or urgent care, whether it is an injury, infection, foreign body, or sudden change in vision, please call/text (469) 563-2460.

We will have limited staff in the office on an as needed basis for urgent/emergency visits, and to take care of contact lens orders, picking up glasses, etc. Patients can arrange to get their contact lenses ordered and shipped to home, or curbside pick up of glasses/contact lenses can also be arranged. We believe that this unfortunate but necessary step will allow us to better follow the CDC’s guidelines and the Dallas County Shelter in Place Order to help limit the spread of COVID-19.

We will continue to monitor and keep you informed as the situation unfolds and will update you on changing hours as we learn more.

We want to thank you for your overwhelming understanding and support as we get through these difficult times together (but socially distant). We are most concerned for your health and safety, and that of your family, and look forward to seeing you again soon!